Some of the major pieces of legislation governing the practice of medical radiation technology are described below. Links to the piece of legislation on the government website are provided for your convenience.
The Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 (RHPA) is the Ontario legislation which defines which health professions are regulated and how they are regulated. It sets out provisions for the functions of the College including the complaints and discipline process.
Under the RHPA each health profession college has its own Act - for medical radiation technologists it is the Medical Radiation Technology Act, 1991 (MRT Act). The CMRTO operates under the MRT Act and the RHPA. The MRT Act also has a number of regulations defining the practice of MRTs.
The Healing Arts Radiation Protection Act (HARP Act) places limits and restrictions on the operation and function of x-ray machines in Ontario. It is most relevant to the practice of radiography and radiation therapy and, in some circumstances, nuclear medicine. There are also regulations made under the HARP Act which are relevant to MRTs.
The Health Care Consent Act (HCCA) is the Ontario legislation governing the consent to treatment for patients and health care practitioners. See "Professional Practice: Health Care Consent Act" for more information on this Act and how it relates to the practice of medical radiation technology.
The The Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA) is federal legislation which came into force on May 31, 2000 and replaces the old Atomic Energy Control Act. The Nuclear Safety and Control Act regulates the use of radioactive materials used in the practice of nuclear medicine and radiation therapy. There are also proposed regulations related to the Nuclear Safety and Control Act. More information on the NSCA and the implementation of the new requirements and the proposed regulations may be found on the website for the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission at www.nuclearsafety.gc.ca.